Source code for evalml.automl.automl_algorithm.automl_algorithm

from abc import ABC, abstractmethod

from evalml.tuners import SKOptTuner
from evalml.utils import get_random_state

class AutoMLAlgorithmException(Exception):
    """Exception raised when an error is encountered during the computation of the automl algorithm"""

[docs]class AutoMLAlgorithm(ABC): """Base class for the automl algorithms which power evalml."""
[docs] def __init__(self, allowed_pipelines=None, max_pipelines=None, tuner_class=None, random_state=0): """This class represents an automated machine learning (AutoML) algorithm. It encapsulates the decision-making logic behind an automl search, by both deciding which pipelines to evaluate next and by deciding what set of parameters to configure the pipeline with. To use this interface, you must define a next_batch method which returns the next group of pipelines to evaluate on the training data. That method may access state and results recorded from the previous batches, although that information is not tracked in a general way in this base class. Overriding add_result is a convenient way to record pipeline evaluation info if necessary. Arguments: allowed_pipelines (list(class)): A list of PipelineBase subclasses indicating the pipelines allowed in the search. The default of None indicates all pipelines for this problem type are allowed. max_pipelines (int): The maximum number of pipelines to be evaluated. tuner_class (class): A subclass of Tuner, to be used to find parameters for each pipeline. The default of None indicates the SKOptTuner will be used. random_state (int, np.random.RandomState): The random seed/state. Defaults to 0. """ self.random_state = get_random_state(random_state) self.allowed_pipelines = allowed_pipelines or [] self.max_pipelines = max_pipelines self._tuner_class = tuner_class or SKOptTuner self._tuners = {} for p in self.allowed_pipelines: self._tuners[] = self._tuner_class(p.hyperparameters, random_state=self.random_state) self._pipeline_number = 0 self._batch_number = 0
[docs] @abstractmethod def next_batch(self): """Get the next batch of pipelines to evaluate Returns: list(PipelineBase): a list of instances of PipelineBase subclasses, ready to be trained and evaluated. """
[docs] def add_result(self, score_to_minimize, pipeline): """Register results from evaluating a pipeline Arguments: score_to_minimize (float): The score obtained by this pipeline on the primary objective, converted so that lower values indicate better pipelines. pipeline (PipelineBase): The trained pipeline object which was used to compute the score. """ self._tuners[].add(pipeline.parameters, score_to_minimize)
@property def pipeline_number(self): """Returns the number of pipelines which have been recommended so far.""" return self._pipeline_number @property def batch_number(self): """Returns the number of batches which have been recommended so far.""" return self._batch_number